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Shiwan kilns to burn before the main use of ceramic artifacts. Kilns generally built by the hillside, whichever tilt conform fire, looked like the dragon fell from the sky, so put this kiln body known as the "dragon kiln." Shiwan pottery industry in the heyday of the Qing Dynasty, Shiwan total of 107 kilns, is the only three, southerly ancient stove is one of the oldest one kilns.

Southerly ancient stove is located in Guangdong Province, Foshan Shiwan Dong Ping River, Ming Dynasty Zhengde years (1506-1521), five years without a break fire kiln, production continued, has retained the traditional way of firewood pottery, has been well preserved and still in use, has been listed as a national key cultural relics protection units, and to "the oldest continuous use since firewood kilns" Load World DSJJNS, known as the "living heritage. "

 

 Southerly ancient stove

Previously, local residents living mostly pottery, kilns is the survival of their production tools, and home cooking stoves are equally important, and therefore called kilns as "stove." Southerly ancient stove combustion chamber forward the South, kiln banyan tree lined, each to the summer breeze, hence the name "southerly ancient stove." During the long years, the southerly ancient stove production has also been continuously repair, is the body length of 34.4 meters kiln, kiln interior length 30.87 m, firewood kiln surfaces have cast hole (commonly known as "pink eye") 29 rows of five. Eyes of fire as a mild kiln kiln observed when put firewood purposes. The front chamber kiln called "stove" is used to preheat temperature. There are five kiln stove kiln door for product access, kiln left 4, commonly known as "stove", a tail, commonly known as "column tail." Southerly ancient stove is from the Yuan Dynasty "Wen stoves" on the basis of reform and built, from the length to cast Cai Kong have made changes, southerly ancient stove emergence of Shiwan ceramic production history is a major innovation , also ceramic production technology progress milestone.

Loaded kiln

Southerly ancient stove is wood as fuel, firing a kiln product takes about three days, commonly known as "three days of fire." The first day was loaded kiln, kiln kiln door to the master through the mud into the kiln, glaze different products with different specifications will be placed in different positions accordingly, and then sealed with brick kiln door. The next day, potters first in the "stove" fire, with a large wood burning constantly, this process is called "squeeze fire", the fire dragon kilns along the ramp slowly to the rise. 12 hours later, the temperature of the stove has been relatively high, the master will be transferred to the kiln and wood back to continue. In the back is a small wood kiln to burn, the master opened the "eyes of fire" fire-colored cover observations, if heat is not enough, the master will put a small wood put into the ready to continue warming, where the need and wood, plus much, what when added, it depends on the master of experience. Back in the kiln and wood of this process is commonly known as "angry", it takes about six hours. "Lit" process is completed, the master stops and wood, so that high-temperature kiln to continue brewing, about 30 hours after the kiln temperature slowly dropped, you can move out of the finished brick kiln door forced open.

"Stove", "squeeze fire"

Southerly ancient stove kiln body upper, middle and lower segment has high, medium and low temperature fire, from 900-1300 ℃. Experienced loaded kiln master, according to the need to put a number of different pieces of works of firing, even in the same piece, the lower part of the upper part is raw excesses of the left is reducing flame, while the right is the oxidizing flame, surprising wow. Southerly ancient stove burning zone is moving, that is what the product in the same period of the kiln which part of what is required temperature, slow fire or high heat, face or feet fire fire, can be determined by looking at the fire master the skills to master the use of scales. Batch of products, size and thickness, is still green glaze glaze, blue glaze or glaze, is the need to restore the flame burning or oxidizing flame burning, different requirements, loading the kiln master installed according to various characteristics in different position on the kiln , is sparse sparse spacing interval should be secret is secret, day side or pins, or kiln reactor core side, with confidence, burn out works to achieve the desired purpose.

Kiln back "angry"

Southerly growth of an ancient stove kiln ancient banyan tree, Kiwi Haoxiong. It is rooted in the kiln stove base among the hot stove with oven accompanied hundreds of years. Kiln fire often busy, evergreen banyan tree. This is a large banyan tree, how much high, no measuring, there is no need to know. But see it on the shade trees, under the deep-rooted, always think it is so tall. It is also like a guardian angel, guarding the Ming Dynasty kilns through the years towering, ancient stove banyan with shine and become a strange landscape - ancient stove Yung wind.

Some say it is a big banyan tree "flying Yung" from the cool world and to. Some say it is the potters who personally planted by the stove on high labor apart, creating a cool environment, rest break students. Local residents call it the "feng shui tree" protect the local people live and work. Today, a large banyan tree Ficus wind rippling warm, moist fertile soil with pottery town, accompanied by the "China famous kilns, Chiaki Tuyan" Yan looked "Shiwan pottery Wan Xin carriers."

Deep-rooted banyan roots

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